November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #3 specific example – CSI and DNA evidence in courtrooms

Text: “The ‘CSI Effect’: Does It Really Exist?” https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/csi-effect-does-it-really-exist Extract: “Many attorneys, judges, and journalists have claimed that watching television programs like CSI has caused jurors to wrongfully acquit guilty defendants when no scientific evidence has been presented. The mass media quickly picked up on these complaints. This so-called effect was promptly Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #2 specific example – Twitter and misinformation about Ukraine.

Text: “Twitter steps up Ukraine misinformation fight.” BBC.com https://www.bbc.com/news/business-61512261 Extract: “Twitter has said it plans to put misleading tweets from official accounts about the Ukraine war behind warning notices. The change follows heightened scrutiny of the social media platform after the war unleashed a new surge of misinformation, sometimes from Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #4 specific example – race and medical treatment

Text: Kelly M. Hoffman, Sophie Trawalter, Jordan R. Axt, and M. Norman Oliver. “Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites.” https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.1516047113 Extract: “The present work examines beliefs associated with racial bias in pain management, a critical health care domain Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #5 specific example – Chinese government upset at translations

Text: Timothy McLaighlin. “The Volunteer Movement Enraging China.” The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2022/05/great-translation-movement-china-censorship-firewall/629914/ Extract: “An informal, online network is translating publicly available articles and social-media posts… stories [published in China] filled with vitriol toward Ukrainians, Russian-state disinformation, and anti-Semitic conspiracy theories—accompanied by user comments cheering on Moscow’s violence.” The translations are perhaps one way Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #3 specific example – Vikings in North America

Text: Bruce Bower. Science News.”Vikings lived in North America by at least the year 1021.” https://www.sciencenews.org/article/vikings-north-america-date-newfoundland Extract: “Vikings inhabited North America exactly 1,000 years ago, a new study finds. Counting tree rings reveals that wooden objects previously found at an archaeological site on Newfoundland’s northern peninsula were made from trees Read more…