Text: Kelly M. Hoffman, Sophie Trawalter, Jordan R. Axt, and M. Norman Oliver. “Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites.” https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.1516047113
Extract: “The present work examines beliefs associated with racial bias in pain management, a critical health care domain with well-documented racial disparities. Specifically, this work reveals that a substantial number of white laypeople and medical students and residents hold false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites and demonstrates that these beliefs predict racial bias in pain perception and treatment recommendation accuracy.”
This research shows that certain types of measurement can not only bring to light false and racially-oriented beliefs, but can also show how it can affect medical treatment that black patients receive.