May 2023 TOK essay prescribed title #2 specific example – acupuncture

Text: “Acupuncture: In Depth.” https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/acupuncture-in-depth “Current evidence suggests that many factors—like expectation and belief—that are unrelated to acupuncture needling may play important roles in the beneficial effects of acupuncture on pain.” There is some research that shows some benefits of acupuncture but it isn’t clear whether or not the actual Read more…

May 2023 TOK essay prescribed title #4 – specific example – social media disinformation

Text: “Mapping the harm of COVID-19 misinformation on social media.” https://uwm.edu/news/mapping-the-harm-of-covid-19-misinformation-on-social-media/ Social media is, unfortunately, full of instances of “little knowledge” which make it a good topic for May 2023 TOK essay prescribed title #4. There are a number of influence people on social media who have very little expertise Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #4 specific example – article on problematic DNA test used in murder case

Text: “DNA test jailed innocent man for murder.” BBC news. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-19412819 Extract from the article: “David Butler has every right to be cynical about the use of DNA evidence by the police. He spent eight months in prison, on remand, facing murder charges after his DNA was allegedly found on Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #2 specific example – flat Earth convention

Text: “What it’s like to attend a flat-Earth convention.” Quartz. https://qz.com/1268605/what-its-like-to-attend-a-flat-earth-convention/ The belief in the flat earth theory – despite a lack of evidence supporting it – is actually somewhat gaining in popularity. This degree of open-mindedness (i.e. believing in something without a solid basis for that belief) could easily Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #5 specific example – apps and U.S. abortion ruling

Text: “The abortion clues that can hide on your phone.” BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-61952794 Extract: “After the Supreme Court overturned citizens’ constitutional right to abortion in the US, there has been concern about data protection, particularly in the 13 states which have already moved to make ending a pregnancy illegal… Gina Read more…

November 2022 TOK essay prescribed title #3 specific example – CSI and DNA evidence in courtrooms

Text: “The ‘CSI Effect’: Does It Really Exist?” https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/csi-effect-does-it-really-exist Extract: “Many attorneys, judges, and journalists have claimed that watching television programs like CSI has caused jurors to wrongfully acquit guilty defendants when no scientific evidence has been presented. The mass media quickly picked up on these complaints. This so-called effect was promptly Read more…