November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #2 RLE – identical twins with a life-threatening illness

“A couple from Kingston adopted the twin girls from Vietnam when they were 18 months old. Both have Alagille syndrome, a disorder that affects internal organs. The girls’ father, Michael, was a genetic match — but he could only donate part of his liver to one of his then-three-year-old daughters. Doctors decided which of the twins would receive Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #1 RLE – tree and fungi species sharing resources

“[Fungal networks] have recently been discovered by Professor Suzanne Simard and her graduate students to connect the roots of trees and facilitate the sharing of resources in Douglas-fir forests of interior British Columbia, thereby bolstering their resilience against disturbance or stress and facilitating the establishment of new regeneration.” http://www.botanicalgarden.ubc.ca/potd/2010/03/mycorrhizal_networks.php Have a Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #4 RLE – Archaeologists use lasers to find ruins

Article: Lasers reveal Maya war ruins “ARCHAEOLOGISTS GUIDED BY laser images of a remote region of northern Guatemala have discovered 20-foot-high walls, watchtowers, and other evidence that ancient Maya societies waged large-scale warfare over many years. The finds have upended long-established impressions of a civilization that tamed the jungle and built Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #3 RLE – Artist “paints” using Excel spreadsheets

“77-year-old Japanese artist Tatsuo Horiuchi chooses to work with Microsoft Excel to produce his beautiful works of art. His “paintings” are remarkably intricate works that mimic traditional Japanese paintings that offer scenic views of natural landscapes rich with cultural motifs.” https://mymodernmet.com/tatsuo-horiuchi-excel-spreadsheet-paintings/ There are significant disagreements about how to judge the value Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #2 RLE – anti-vaccination movement.

Article: Doctor blames Andrew Wakefield and anti-vaxxers for her baby son catching measles “A doctor has said public reaction to Andrew Wakefield’s discredited study linking the MMR vaccine to autism was to blame when her baby son caught measles.” https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/doctor-blames-andrew-wakefield-son-catching-measles-vaccine-mmr-autism-anti-vaxxers-measles-a7813001.html This case shows potential problems with “direct experience” and how Read more…