November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #3 RLE – History education and exams

“Rote memorization has displaced critical thinking and driven young Japanese students away from the study of history, argues the author, who blames the universities’ own fact-driven entrance examinations for the crisis facing the humanities and social sciences in higher education.” https://www.nippon.com/en/in-depth/a05103/exam-hell-and-the-crisis-in-history-education.html The focus on “obvious facts” (i.e. basic rote memorization) is Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #5 RLE – selfies and self esteem

Article: “Links found between selfie viewing and decreased self-esteem” “Frequent viewing of selfies through social network sites like Facebook is linked to a decrease in self-esteem and life satisfaction, according to Penn State researchers in mass communications.” links found between selfie viewing and decreased self-esteem” https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161019141814.htm Posting and viewing of selfies Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #2 RLE – the placebo effect

“Conventional medical wisdom has long held that placebo effects depend on patients’ belief they are getting pharmacologically active medication. A paper published in the journal Pain is the first to demonstrate that patients who knowingly took a placebo in conjunction with traditional treatment for lower back pain saw more improvement than those Read more…