November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #2 RLE – the placebo effect

“Conventional medical wisdom has long held that placebo effects depend on patients’ belief they are getting pharmacologically active medication. A paper published in the journal Pain is the first to demonstrate that patients who knowingly took a placebo in conjunction with traditional treatment for lower back pain saw more improvement than those Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #3 RLE – news article on homosexuality in animals

Article: “Homosexual Activity Among Animals Stirs Debate.” https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2004/07/homosexual-animals-debate/ There are two wildly different “obvious facts” connected to this real-life example. One of them is that homosexuality is natural and is part of the natural kingdom and is part of human nature and sexuality as well. The other “obvious fact” from the Read more…

November 2021 TOK essay prescribed title #6 RLE – Mathematics and predictions

Article: “Better predictions of the working life of industrial components” “A minor disparity between an established mathematical model to predict creep crack growth behavior in materials in high-temperature environments and actual data has prompted Dr. Warwick Payten to reassess the approach and revise the model.” “Being able to more accurately predict Read more…

May 2021 TOK Essay Prescribed Title #5 RLE – anti-vaccination movement

Article: Doctor blames Andrew Wakefield and anti-vaxxers for her baby son catching measles “A doctor has said public reaction to Andrew Wakefield’s discredited study linking the MMR vaccine to autism was to blame when her baby son caught measles.” https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/doctor-blames-andrew-wakefield-son-catching-measles-vaccine-mmr-autism-anti-vaxxers-measles-a7813001.html Despite the overwhelming scientific evidence showing the benefits of vaccinations, Read more…